What Does the Wisdom Teeth Extraction Process Look Like?
Many people who experience the growth of their wisdom teeth will have them extracted. The surgical procedure may look a little different for everyone depending on the severity of their impaction and how many wisdom teeth they have. Occasionally, some people may only have one or two come in, while others have a full set of four. Typically, the extraction process will encompass the following steps:
Examination and Preparation
Your dentist will begin the process by conducting a thorough examination of your mouth and your wisdom teeth. This is the point in the process where you can discuss desired outcomes and any potential risks. From here, your surgical procedure will be scheduled and you will be provided with specific instructions on any eating or drinking limitations.
Wisdom teeth removal is generally performed as an outpatient procedure, which means you go in and come out on the same day. It is important to have a plan of action and someone to drive you home safely, as you will not be able to operate a motor vehicle after your procedure.
Anesthesia and Removal
There are three main kinds of anesthesia typically used for wisdom teeth removal. Depending on your preferences and the level of demand required for your specific procedure, your doctor may use any of the following: local, sedation, or general anesthesia. A combination of local and sedation anesthesia is the most frequently used method when it comes to wisdom teeth removal. This means you will feel no pain and likely have no memory of the surgery.
Once you have been anesthetized, the removal process will begin. Your doctor will make an incision into your gums to expose your tooth and bone. Some bone may need to be removed if it is blocking access to the tooth’s root. For heavily impacted teeth, they may have to be broken into smaller pieces for easier removal. Once the entire wisdom tooth has been extracted, the site will be thoroughly cleaned to ensure all debris has been cleared out. Stitches and gauze may be used to help aid in the healing and clotting process.
Common side effects of wisdom teeth removal include swelling and discomfort. Your doctor will help discuss your options when it comes to food that will be easy to clean and not dirty your exposed gum socket. You will be given pain medication and directions on how to clean around the surgical site area so that your socket does not dry up or become infected.
Slight bleeding is common, as is discomfort. Although, if it persists for too long, it is always best to reach out to your doctor for professional advice. If you were given stitches, they may dissolve on their own after a few days or possibly need to be removed at a later date.